Where all of the plastics produced in 2015 will be by the year 2035 if there is no change to the way we produce, use and dispose of plastics.

Over 300 million tonnes of plastic is being produced per year, but very little of it is re-entering the system, instead ending up in landfill or as litter, some of which makes its way to the oceans. Ensuring that the plastics system does not look like this in 20 years will require some disruptions, one of which may lie in the small material flows seen at the bottom of this figure – bioplastics.


Dilkes-Hoffman, L., Ashworth, P., Laycock, B., Pratt, S., & Lant, P. (2019). Public attitudes towards bioplastics – knowledge, perception and end-of-life management. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.104479